What is the Grange?
As America’s first agricultural fraternity, Grange service to agriculture, communities and the nation is built upon democratic expression and organization. Each member has the opportunity to help formulate community, state, and national policies. The National Grange is comprised of four distinct divisions built one upon the other in logical sequence, plus a separate division for the Junior Grange.
Subordinate (local) Grange
This unit of the organization is built around the community. Men, women and youth are admitted on equal terms. Those who are 14 years of age are eligible for full membership. Each member has one vote. The local Grange elects its own officers and controls its own affairs in community matters. It confers the first four ritualistic Degrees. Although regular Grange business meetings are for members only, the educational and literary programs are frequently open to the public. All Grange activities are for the purpose of developing leadership, improving community life and expanding opportunities for all people. Over 350,000 people are members of the Grange in 4,000 communities nationwide. Many Subordinate Granges own their own Grange halls. More than 100,000 regular meetings are held every year.
Pomona (county) Grange
Subordinate Granges within a given district are grouped together on a county or regional basis into Pomona Granges that meet monthly or quarterly. The Pomona Grange confers the Fifth Degree of the Order, thus extending the lessons and opportunities of the Subordinate Grange. The Pomona Grange provides the leadership for educational, legislative, and business interests of the Subordinate Granges in its jurisdiction
The State Grange is a delegate body representing Subordinate and Pomona Granges and is composed of both men and women. With annual conventions lasting several days, State Granges consider many important matters relating to legislation and public policy, with particular reference to agriculture, other matters of concern to rural America and the general welfare of the state as a whole. Inasmuch as State Grange policies originate in the Subordinate and Pomona units of the Order and are conveyed through their delegates, this branch is in a special sense expressive of Grange thought and sentiment throughout the entire state. Voting authority is vested in the delegate body, which in most instances is composed of the Masters of Subordinate and Pomona Granges and their spouses, each having one vote. The Sixth Degree of the Order is conferred at these conventions.
This is the parent branch of the Order which speaks with authority and understanding for the major branches of agriculture and America. All business sessions of the National Grange are open to any Subordinate Grange member in good standing. As spectators, they have no vote in the deliberations, but they do have ample opportunity to appear before committees and to testify. As the supreme legislative body of the Order, policies are developed through the channels of Subordinate, Pomona and State units and consequently embody the seasoned judgment of the membership. At the annual convention of the National Grange, one day is devoted to the conferral of the Seventh Degree, the highest degree of the Order. Degree candidates and members gather from all parts of the nation for this annual ritualistic event that competent critics claim cannot be surpassed in modern ritualism. For more information go to: http://www.nationalgrange.org
Believing that the future of a nation depends upon the training of its children the Grange structure includes the Junior Grange, open to children between the ages of 5 and 14. It is a distinct unit in itself. Junior Granges have their own ritual and degree work, conduct an educational hour at their meetings, provide wholesome social activities and undertake community projects — all under the direction of an adult selected by the Subordinate Grange, which has jurisdiction over the Juniors. Thousands of children are members of Junior Granges and most of them ‘graduate’ into the parent Grange when they reach the age of 14 years.
What is the Grange?